Thyroid is an endocrine gland in the neck, consisting of two lobes connected by an isthmus. It is found at the front of the neck, below the Adam’s apple. Thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones, which primarily influence the metabolic rate and protein synthesis,also have many other effects including those on development. The thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are produce by thyroid gland and essential for brain and physical development in infants and for metabolic activity in adults.
Type and Symptoms
- Hypothyroidism also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It can cause several symptoms such as poor ability to tolerate cold, a feeling of tiredness, constipation, depression and weight gain.
- Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) occurs when thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. Hyperthyroidism can accelerate body’s metabolism, causing unintentional weight loss and a rapid or irregular heartbeat.
Hypothyroidism is considered as a Kapha- Vata dominant Dosha imbalance in the body with a diminished agni (Mandagni) leading to irrational transformation including Atisthoulya.
Hyperthyroidism is considered as a Pitta – Vata dominant Dosha imbalance in the body with unstable agni (Agni vaishamya) leading to Dhatukshaya such as emaciation, Increased heart rate, Weight loss.
The treatment modality for Hypothyroidism includes Kapha Vatahara and Atisthoulya Chikitsa like Rookshopachara, Swedanam, Virechanam and Vasti for strengthening.
Hyperthyroidism treatment focus on stabilizing the Agni depending on presenting complaints with treatments such as Snehapanam, Swedanam, Virechanam Vasti. These treatments are carried out considering the Prakriti, Dosha, Dhatu, Mala status and the risk factors of the individual.
Ayurvedic management for Thyroid at Ayurveda Bliss
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