Menopause also known as the change of life, is when periods stop. When a woman hasn’t had a period for 12 months, she is considered to have been through menopause.
It’s a natural event which happens to every woman. It occurs when ovaries stop working and stop producing the usual amount of the female hormones oestrogen and progesterone. It’s a change in hormone levels that causes the symptoms of menopause.
The average age for a woman to reach menopause is 51. But any time between 45 – 55-year age is considered normal.
Women who have both ovaries removed will go through menopause earlier.
- Three stages-
- Perimenopause phase usually begins several years before menopause, when ovaries slowly make less estrogen. Perimenopause lasts until menopause, the point at which ovaries stop releasing eggs. In the last 1 to 2 years of this stage, estrogen levels fall faster.
- Menopause this is when it’s been a year since, had a period. Ovaries have stopped releasing eggs and making most of their estrogen.
- Post menopause are the years after menopause. Menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes usually ease. But health risks related to the loss of estrogen increase as get older.
- Many women find that their periods become lighter during menopause, although some may experience heavy bleeding. They may also experience an erratic pattern, which may last 2 to 5 years before periods stop completely.
- Most women have other symptoms, for some these will only be mild, but for others it is a distressing and difficult time.
- The most common symptoms are hot flushes and night sweats, suddenly feel overheated and can’t bear to wear so many clothes.
- Some women feel tired and lacking energy. Some lose interest in sex and some have problems such as mood swings, irritability, anxiety and depression.
- Other common problems are:
- Trouble in sleeping
- Dry skin and hair
- Weight gain
- Vaginal dryness
- Aches and pains
Since menopause is the transition from the Pitta phase of life to the Vata phase, if a woman already has a significant Pitta or Vata imbalance in the years before menopause, things are likely to get worse during menopause, which is a period when hormonal and other natural changes take place in the body.
Another factor leading to menopausal imbalances is the accumulation of digestive impurities (ama) in the physiology. Ama blocks the channels that transport nutrition to the cells and remove waste from the body, and thus contributes to menopausal problems.
The imbalance of mind, body, emotions or senses happens when a woman strains her mind too much or under tremendous emotional stress aggravates Menopause.
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